Puppy Grooming: When & How to Do It

When it comes to grooming a puppy, pet owners can be unsure of how often they should groom their pet, and the best way to go about it. Today, our Cave Creek vets explain how you can properly take care of grooming your puppy.

Professional Groomings

Your puppy will need professional grooming when they are old enough to leave their mother. You should groom your puppy at home as early as possible to get them used to the process.

After about 10 to 12 weeks, you can contact your vet and book your puppy's first professional grooming appointment.

Regular professional grooming sessions are important in ensuring that your pup's hygiene stays in great shape.

At Home Grooming

Now that you have your new puppy and they have had a few weeks to get used to this big world it is time to start thinking about your puppy's first at-home grooming. You are going to want to start introducing your puppy to grooming time at around 10-12 weeks old. To get your puppy for this, you are going to want to gently get them used to touch. Lift your puppy's paws, massaging its pads and the tips of its toes.

You might also want to reward your puppy during this time with small treats (like chicken or cheese). Your puppy should start to come to associate this attention with delicious rewards, he’s more likely to enjoy the procedure when it’s time for the actual grooming ritual.

When it comes time to groom your puppy, it is always best to do it right after playtime. If your puppy is tired it will settle down quickly and will be a lot easier to handle. This playtime can also be an extra treat for them as they get used to the grooming routine.

What You Need

Depending on your puppy, there are a few different things you will need to do your grooming at home. Puppies have so many different kinds of coats so, it will depend on their coat, and what type of brush you will need.

For example, if your puppy has a thin coat, they generally require a fine-toothed comb. If your puppy has a thick coat, you should invest in a wide-toothed version.

If you’re not sure which category your puppy falls into, choose a slicker brush. It’s a good multi-purpose brush that works well on most types of dog hair.

A brush is the only thing you will need when grooming your puppy at home, you should have a starter supply of:

  • Dog shampoo
  • Dog toothpaste
  • Dog toothbrush
  • Toenail clippers
  • Dog brush
  • Towels for drying
  • Electric clippers
  • Cotton balls (for cleaning out its ears)

What Grooming Should Entail

Four important things need to be done when grooming your puppy:

Dental Care: Your puppy probably is not going to like you sticking your hands into their mouths so this might not be easy at first. Your puppy will try to nibble on the toothbrush and possibly your hands as your doing this. But brushing is very important to your dog's oral health and daily brushing can prevent cavities and gingivitis.

Bathing: You want to make sure to bathe your dog when needed, like when they smell terrible but not to over-bathe them because that removes oils that are needed in your puppy's coat. When bathing your puppy treat them like an infant and make sure to test the water. If it is too warm for you, then it's too warm for your puppy. 

Nail Care: You must make your dog comfortable during this process. It might be easy to let them lick peanut butter as a treat the first few times to get them excited about grooming. When trimming their nails you want to be very careful not to cut too close to the quick. This can be very painful for your puppy. If your puppy has brown or black nails it back be hard to locate the quick, so try just taking off little bits at a time.

Trimming the Coat: It is best to cut your puppy's coat when it is damp, so after a bath. Puppies do not always need frequent trimmings but as they grow older they may need more, especially if your puppy has a thick coat. When trimming your puppy's coat you want to start from the back of the neck and work your way down to the legs. Just take a little bit off at a time because you do not want to over-trim your puppy's coat.

Make a Routine

It's important to add grooming into your puppy's schedule as early as possible to make sure they get used to it. If you wait too long this can be a stressful experience for your puppy. If you remember that your dog is a creature of habit, and when you're doing the grooming bring your dog to the same spot each time so they know how to react. For example, if you clean your dog in the kitchen make sure it continues to do so.

Getting your puppy to sit still and allow you to brush their fur and teeth more than once a week can be difficult but as long as you keep up with it, there shouldn't be any issues.

Is your puppy due for a session at our grooming spa? Contact our Cave Creek vets to book your pup an appointment.