Surgery Guidelines

Surgery Guidelines

Pre-Anesthetic Blood Work

We require blood work prior to every anesthetic procedure. Blood work will ensure that your pet’s liver and kidney function, clotting factors and immune system are normal.

The liver and kidneys are responsible for metabolizing the anesthesia, and if they are not working properly, your pet could have complications with the anesthesia. Everyone has heard a story about a veterinarian giving a pet “too much anesthesia,” and their pet died or took a long time to recover. More likely, the pet had an underlying problem with their liver and/or kidneys and could not metabolize the anesthetic properly. It is very uncommon for a veterinarian to give “too much anesthesia” to a pet.

The clotting factor is controlled by platelets. We ensure that your pet has an adequate number of platelets to clot their blood. A low platelet count could result in bleeding problems.

The immune system is checked by ensuring a normal count of white blood cells. An animal with a low white blood cell (WBC) count may have trouble healing. A high WBC count indicates an infection is present, which may require postponing the surgery to allow the pet to fight the infection first.

Pre-anesthetic blood work also checks other internal levels and functions like blood sugar, electrolyte levels and red blood cell levels. With a pre-anesthetic blood panel, we are able to ensure that it is safe to proceed with a surgical procedure and minimize the risks associated with anesthesia.

IV Catheter and Fluids

We require an IV catheter with every anesthetic procedure. An IV catheter establishes a life-line. Not only can we administer fluids during the procedure, we are also able to administer life-saving medications should a problem arise during anesthesia.

A normal side effect of anesthesia is low blood pressure. By administering IV fluids, we increase the volume in the bloodstream, which in turn increases blood pressure. This way, we are able to maintain a normal blood pressure during anesthesia so vital organs are not damaged from a lack of blood flow.

We never expect an animal to have problems during anesthesia. However, we always want to be well prepared should a problem arise. An IV catheter allows us to give IV injections to help increase the heart rate, slow the heart rate or even start the heart back up if there is a cardiac arrest. It is nearly impossible to place an IV catheter on a patient that has decreased blood pressure from anesthesia and/or is in cardiac arrest. By placing it at the start of the operation, we further minimize the risks associated with anesthesia.

Laser

Lasers are great in surgery because they cause less trauma than scalpel blades. They make the incision while cauterizing nerve endings and blood vessels at the same time. This allows for less bleeding and less pain post-surgery and also allows for a quicker healing time.

Pain Medication

Typically, medications are used to reduce the inflammation that is causing pain. In more severe cases, we administer narcotic agents. Pain management not only helps your pet feel better during recovery, it also aids in the healing process. A pet that is in pain is more likely to be stressed and to lick or chew at the incision. If we are able to keep them from licking and keep them comfortable, pets heal at a much faster rate.

Cost

Surgery costs vary depending on the length of the procedure.

Operating Room Usage Fee

The O.R. usage fee is for the multiple suture packs we use during surgery, surgical instrument use, sterilization fees, sterile gowns, gloves, caps, masks, shoe covers and monitoring fees. Each patient that is anesthetized is monitored closely by a trained technician. We monitor blood pressure, heart rate, respiration rate, temperature, Oxygen levels and anesthetic levels.

2018-04-19T10:36:34+00:00